Hip hop culture (as originally conceived) consists of :

  • Rapping : rhythmic oral poetry. Often improvised (freestyling) (See also OralCulture, RapMusic)
  • DJing : constructing underlying music from scratches, breaks and samples. Starting with TurnTablism and later digital sampling.
  • " Writing " : Graffiti, writing your tag (name) in WildStyle. An "illuminated" script which is both art and secret code, your name can only be read by the cognoscenti.
  • Break dancing
  • Beatboxing

The 5 elements : emceeing, deejaying, breakin’, graff and beatboxin