Context : NationStateUnderAttack
When the real state is gone or degraded, alternatives spring up.
FourthGenerationWar thinkers worry about it.
"Al-Quaedastan" grows into one? http://zenpundit.blogspot.com/2007/09/4gw-anti-state-al-qaidastan-rising.html
Well yeah, the IslamicState (which appeared in the uncontrolled zones of the SyrianCivilWar) ended up claiming to be a real state