Just had a thought about OnFeudalism.
We tend to think of it as a baseline. A poor political system, a prior that kicks of the FeudalismCapitalismInformationalism historical dialectic.
But, of course, feudalism came after something and was potentially an improvement. It evolved out of the collapse of the RomanEmpire.
Today I realized that feudalism (at least in Europe) was an interesting example of a middle-space. In that while top-down control from Rome became unsustainable, the CatholicChurch continued to provide a common rule-set and various standards across multiple kingdoms. And even acted as a check on the feudal lords.
Christianized kings were more constrained than pagan potentates. They had autonomy within their kingdom, but still obeyed certain rules from Rome.