The NationState is also under attack from self-defined "civilization states" that see themselves as inheriting from large ancient empires and their possessions.
Emphasis on ancient culture / ethnicity / religion.
Disturbingly, the main BRICS :
all see themselves as civilization states.
Brazil probably doesn't, though I'm sure it would like to throw its weigh about. It's got a huge land-mass. Relatively few people though.
See also :